A Closer Look at District 12 in the Hunger Games Movie

In this post, let’s get to know more about District 12, the hometown of the victors of the 74th Hunger Games Katniss Everdeen (Jennifer Lawrence) and Peeta Mellark (Josh Hutcherson). It is also the home of the victor of the Second Quarter Quell (50th Hunger Games) and Katniss and Peeta‘s mentor Haymitch Abernathy (Woody Harrelson).
Warning: Major Spoilers Ahead
District 12 is the coal mining district of the nation of Panem, which is ruled by the Capitol, the home of the country’s ruler President Snow. Accordingly, District 12 is the smallest and one of the poorest district in Panem.
A twenty-foot high electric fence surrounded the district. According to the officials and Peacekeepers from the district, it was supposedly electrified twenty-four seven, but Katniss knows from the silence of the fence that this is not so. In Catching Fire, the district is given a new Head Peacekeeper named Thread who keeps the fence constantly electrified. In theory, the gate was said to be there to keep out the wild animals that roam the woods. Although, it is likely that it was actually meant to keep the people in.  
Kantiss standing on District 12’s fence
District 12 consisted of three different areas: the merchant section, the Victors’ Village, and The Seam. There’s also called a place called the Hob, the black market of District 12, located in the Seam. Beyond District 12 is the place called the Meadows or the wild where Katniss and Gale hang out.
The Merchant Section
This area of the District was definitely a step-up from the Seam. The mayor and his daughter, Madge, along with other families such as Peeta Mellark’s, live in the merchant area and are well-off for District 12. 
The Mellark Bakery in District 12’s merchant section
 The merchant section did exactly what its name implied- trading and buying goods. With the district’s coal mines, they made some trades to the Capitol, and very occasionally other districts. 
Residents of the merchant area’s appearances set them apart from residents of the Seam, as most of them have blonde hair and blue eyes. 
Katniss’s mother originally lived in the merchant section, but moved to the Seam to live with her husband after she got married. 
Mrs. Everdeen (Katniss’ mother)
 The Seam
The Seam was the poorest part of District 12, and where Katniss Everdeen and Gale Hawthorne reside. The Seam was located on the border of District 12, next to the wild forests. It was extremely hard to find food in there, and many families lived in poverty. Because of this, an adult who lives to be very old is respected and thought of as wise. Many who live there are missing members of their family, due to mining accidents. 
Early in the mornings, the streets of the Seam were crowded with tired and worn down coal miners heading to work. Everything in that part of the district was covered in a layer of coal dust due to the coal mining of the region. 
Coal miners, citizens of the Seam

A boy from Seam with his mother and sister preparing for the Reaping
Typically, residents of the Seam have black hair, grey eyes, and an olive complexion. 
The Hob
The Hob was District 12’s black market. This was where Katniss and Gale went to sell or trade their excess game. Many things were available for purchase or trade at the Hob, varying from some of Greasy Sae’s soup, a goat, or white liquor made by Ripper. It was burned down by Peacekeepers in Catching Fire
Katniss trading at the Hob

District 12’s The Hob
Victor’s Village
The Victors’ Village was the small village where past victors of previous Hunger Games dwelled in. The houses were grand and luxurious compared to other houses in District 12. The only inhabitants of District 12’s village are Katniss Everdeen, Peeta Mellark, and Haymitch Abernathy.   
Haymitch Abernathy

Katniss Everdeen

Peeta Mellark
 The Meadows
Beyond the electrified fence of District 12, there’s a place called the Meadows. It is where Gale and Katniss hang out and get some food for their family. It is a forbidden place and everyone who gets out of the fence without permission will be punished by the Peacemakers. However, since there are Peacemakers who are Katniss and Gale’s clients for wild turkey and other animals, they were exempted from the law. But, the rules were tightened when a new Head Peacemaker was assigned in the second book, Catching Fire. The fence became electrified 24 hours a day. Gale was also punished in the square when he was caught catching wild turkey.
Katniss running towards the Meadows

Katniss ready to shoot her target in the Meadows
Katniss and Gale after hunting in the Meadows

Katniss and Gale in the Meadows, hunting for food

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